In general, German landlords
prefer tenants who are willing to rent an apartment for a longer period
of time, meaning that contracts are often fixed for three or four years,
usually to be extended into an unlimited period if not cancelled a fixed
number of months in advance.
Tenants should be aware
that a typical rental contract cannot be simply cancelled by giving three
month notice. Usually the initial contract cannot be broken at all.
Rental payments are due
in advance, in accordance with previously made agreements. Such payments
can be made by standing order, bankers draft or cheque.
The deposit, which normally
equals 3 month rents, is held for the duration of the tenancy, to offset
any costs which may incur due to the terms of the tenancy agreement at
the end of the renting period, for cleaning, repairs or replacements.
The terms of most tenancies
require the tenant to take responsibility to pay for the use of gas, electricity,
telephone and water.
Before a tenancy is initialized,
comprehensive details of the interior condition of the premises and its
contents will have been prepared by the landlord. These are referred to
as an "Inventory" and will not only include the condition of the decoration,
but also list ervery item of contents down the last teaspoon. On the day
you move in you will be met at the premises by the inventory clerk who
will carry out the "inventory check in" with you and asks you to sign a
declaration, confirming the state and the condition of the property, and
that all listed items have been inspected. It is indispensabel to check
the inventory with the inventory clerk carefully, in order to avoid disagreements
It is advisable to take
out a personal liability insurance (Haftpflichtversicherung) and a household
and personal effects insurance (Hausratversicherung). In case of a burglary,
you, as the tenant, are liable to pay any caused damage if you are not
The personal liability insurance
will protect you from any damage that you may cause accidentally to others.
The household insurance will protect your belongings against theft and
burglary, and also covers your furniture and personal property against
fire, water and storm damage.
In Germany it is common
that the commission fee is paid by the tenant.
The regular commission fee
for residential lettings is limited to the amount of two month rents by
german law. The commission is due at the conclusion of the rental agreement.
|1 room, kitchen, bathroom
2 rooms, kitchen, bathroom,
3 -room appartment
outlay for added fixtures
basic rent without heating
extra charges (electricity,
gas and other charges)
extra charges / deposit